A Comprehensive Seascape Photography Guide

A Comprehensive Seascape Photography Guide

A Comprehensive Seascape Photography Guide. Seascape photography is a captivating genre that allows photographers to capture the breathtaking beauty of the ocean, its shores, and the dynamic interaction between land and sea.


A Comprehensive Seascape Photography Guide. Seascape photography is a captivating genre that allows photographers to capture the breathtaking beauty of the ocean, its shores, and the dynamic interaction between land and sea. Whether you’re an amateur enthusiast or a seasoned professional, this guide will provide you with essential tips and techniques to enhance your seascape photography skills.

A Comprehensive Seascape Photography Guide
Basque country, Spain

What is Seascape Photography?

Seascape photography is a subgenre of landscape photography that focuses on capturing the landscapes and seascapes found along coastlines. It involves capturing the unique characteristics of the ocean, including waves, tides, rocks, and the ever-changing play of light and shadow on the water’s surface. Seascape photography offers a wide range of creative possibilities, from long-exposure shots that create dreamy, ethereal effects to dramatic compositions that showcase the power of the sea.

Without doubt, this is one of the photography types I like the most. For me is something very exciting. In this Comprehensive Seascape Photography Guide I will show you and guide you from everything I have learn over my years as a professional photographer.

However, Seascape photography is not as simple as general landscape photography. There are many complex factors that you need to control and be aware of if you want to succeed.

Are you ready to get wet and push your seascape images to the next level? continue reading this comprehensive Seascape Photography Guide.

Seascape photography guide
Playa de las Catedrales, Galicia,

How to Plan for Ocean Photography:

Generally, behind any good landscape image, there is extensive planning before get the shot. In seascape photography, this planning is even more crucial since there are more elements that come into play like waves, storms, tides, etc.

Planning is crucial when it comes to seascape photography. And on this Comprehensive Seascape Photography Guide I will show you.

Here are some key steps to consider:

a. Location Scouting: Research and identify potential shooting locations. Visit the location in advance to get a feel for the landscape and to determine the best vantage points.

b. Timing: Consider the time of day for your shoot. Sunrise and sunset often provide the most stunning light, but midday can offer unique opportunities as well.

c. Composition: Plan your compositions in advance, considering foreground elements like rocks or driftwood, leading lines, and the overall mood you want to convey.

Seascape Photography guide
Playa de Portizuelo, Asturias

Check Weather Forecast:

Weather plays a significant role in seascape photography. A cloudy or stormy day can create dramatic and moody scenes, while clear skies can offer serene and peaceful views. Use weather forecasting apps or websites to stay updated on the current and predicted weather conditions in your chosen location.

The main things to look for in a weather forecast for seascape photography are:

  • Cloud cover
  • Cloud altitude
  • Temperature
  • Dew point
  • Precipitation
  • Thunderstorms

I normally check and compare the weather forecast on two websites or apps: Windy and Clear Outside.

Windy Forecast App

Windy provides a fast and intuitive worldwide weather map that uses the leading local forecast models to provide you the most up-to-date weather forecast.

On the menu in the right side of the screen, you can find lots of options as, clouds cover, clouds altitud, wind, precipitation, fog etc.

Probably for me this app is one of the most powerful tools i use all the time before I go out to the filed.

Clear Outside app is another very helpful weather forecast app, than provider and offers a very detailed 1information, which is very useful for planning your seascape photography in advance.

Clear Outside app
Clear Outside App

My recommendation is to always check and compare different forecast models and to take a look at the radar or satellite before going to do any type of coastal photography. That way, you’ll have a more accurate idea of what you’ll find once you’re in the field.

Check Sea Tides:

Tides have a profound impact on the appearance of coastal areas. High tides can submerge rocks and create dynamic waves, while low tides expose interesting textures and formations. Use tide prediction tables or apps to plan your shoot around the tide schedule, ensuring you arrive at the right time to capture your desired scene.

This factor can be crucial in most of the locations and also very dangerous. For my experience in the coast, specially on the North Coast of Spain, there are many locations than you can only access in low tide. And you must be very aware before the tide comes up, to don’t get trapped on the place without exit.

Nautide app forecast
Nautide app forecast

There are many app to check for tides and swell. I been using Nautide for many years and I’m very happy with this application. Is provide all the information I need it.

Scout in advance for Seascape Photography

I’m pretty sure you are familiar with the world Scouting. In Landscape or seascape photography, is one of the most important concepts. It’ll allow you to be familiar with the location before you start shooting, so you’ll find the best compositions easier, and avoid unnecessary risks.

My recommendation is to explore the area, location for your coastal photography before, especially if your intention is to shoot at sunrise/sunset. This will also prevent you for a potential dangers such as sneaker waves, exposed cliffs, slippery rocks, etc.

When you’re out scouting for seascape photos, it’s a good idea to store your equipment in a secure spot, such as your car or on a higher rock. You don’t want your camera dangling from your neck as you explore.

Scouting near the sea can be risky due to strong currents and winds that can make certain areas unsafe. Take some time to find secure locations where you can retreat to if any danger arises. And always keep in mind, never turn your back on the ocean! Sneaker waves can unexpectedly catch you off guard and lead to serious trouble.

North Coast of Spain, Seascape photography guide
North Coast of Spain, Seascape photography

Best Seascape Photography Settings:

Achieving the perfect exposure settings is essential for seascape photography. Here are some recommended settings to get you started:

a. Aperture: Use a narrow aperture (high f-number, such as f/8 to f/16) to ensure a deep depth of field and sharpness throughout your frame.

b. Shutter Speed: Experiment with various shutter speeds to capture the motion of the water. For smooth, silky waves, use long exposures (e.g., 1-30 seconds). For faster, more dynamic shots, choose faster shutter speeds. Water flowing: Use a shutter speed between 1/3s and 1s. This is probably the best shutter speed to capture the motion of the water while preserving the textures and details, creating way better dynamic images.

c. ISO: Keep your ISO as low as possible to maintain image quality and reduce noise.

d. White Balance: Adjust white balance settings to match the prevailing light conditions. For warm, golden-hour light, use the “Daylight” or “Shade” presets; for cooler, overcast days, try “Cloudy” or “Auto.”

Cantabria, Spain. Seascape photography guide
Cantabria, Spain. Long exposure Seascape Photography

Essential Gear for Seascape Photography:

To capture stunning seascape images, you’ll need the right equipment:

a. Camera: A DSLR or mirrorless camera with manual settings is ideal for precise control over exposure.

b. Wide-Angle Lens: A wide-angle lens (e.g., 16-35mm) is essential for capturing expansive seascapes.

c. Tripod: A sturdy tripod is crucial for long-exposure shots and maintaining image stability.

d. Filters: Graduated neutral density (GND) and circular polarizing filters can enhance your seascape photography by controlling exposure and reducing reflections.

e. Remote Shutter Release: This helps eliminate camera shake during long exposures.

f. Lens Cleaning Kit: Coastal environments can be harsh on equipment, so keep your gear clean and protected.

Arnia Beach, Cantabria. A Comprehensive Seascape Photography Guide
Cantabria, Spain. Seascape Panorama Photography

Best Seascapes Photography tips:

a. Scout Locations: Research and scout potential locations in advance. Look for interesting coastlines, rock formations, piers, and lighthouses that can add depth and character to your compositions.

b. Plan Around Tides and Weather: Pay attention to tide charts, weather forecasts, and sunrise/sunset times. Timing is crucial for getting the right lighting conditions and ensuring safety.

c. Use a Sturdy Tripod: A stable tripod is essential for long exposures and sharp images. Make sure it can withstand windy conditions and is set up securely on uneven terrain.

d. Choose the Right Gear: Use a wide-angle lens to capture the vastness of the seascape. A polarizing filter can reduce glare and enhance colors, while a neutral density (ND) filter allows for longer exposures, creating smooth water effects.

e. Understand the Golden Hour: Shoot during the “golden hour” around sunrise and sunset when the light is soft and warm. This creates beautiful, flattering illumination and long shadows.

f. Compose Thoughtfully: Pay attention to composition. Use the rule of thirds, leading lines, and foreground interest to create compelling images. Experiment with different angles and perspectives.

g. Work with Shutter Speed: Experiment with different shutter speeds to capture the motion of the waves. Slow shutter speeds (1/10s to several seconds) can create a dreamy, ethereal effect, while fast shutter speeds (1/500s and faster) freeze the action.

h. Pay Attention to Details: Look for interesting textures in the sand, rocks, or shells. Macro photography can reveal the beauty in these small details.

i. Be Mindful of Safety: Always prioritize safety when shooting near water. Be aware of tides, waves, and slippery rocks. Have appropriate footwear and keep an eye on your surroundings.

j. Practice Patience: Seascape photography often requires waiting for the perfect moment. Be patient, and don’t rush the process. Sometimes, the best shots come to those who wait.

Remember that practice makes perfect in seascape photography. Keep refining your skills, learning from your experiences, and striving to capture the beauty of the sea in unique and captivating ways.

Asturias, Spain. Seascape Photography
Asturias Spain, Long shutter speed to smooth water and clouds – 5s f/16 ISO 100


Seascape photography offers endless opportunities to capture the mesmerizing beauty of the ocean and its surroundings. By planning your shoots carefully, paying attention to weather and tide conditions, and mastering the right camera settings and gear, you’ll be well on your way to creating breathtaking seascape photographs that showcase the natural wonder of the sea. So, grab your camera, head to the coast, and start capturing the magic of the ocean!

Lastly, don’t forget to keep in mind all the hazards involved in coastal photography. It’s fine to get wet but, please, stay safe! And remember, never turn your back to the ocean!

I really hope that this seascape photography guide encourages you to capture the beauty of the ocean and helps you become, wave by wave, a better seascape photographer!

If you enjoy this Comprehensive Seascape Photography Guide and if you wanna see more of my seascapes photography work, please check out my gallery here

Wish you a good light!!

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